Buick Enclave manuals

Buick Enclave: Description and Operation

BRAKE ASSIST SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

System Component Description

The brake assist system consists of the following:

Brake Pedal

Receives, multiplies and transfers brake system input force from driver.

Brake Pedal Pushrod

Transfers multiplied input force received from brake pedal to brake booster.

Vacuum Brake Booster

Uses source vacuum to decrease effort required by driver when applying brake system input force.

At rest, source vacuum is applied to both sides of the vacuum diaphragm for single boosters or to both sides of each of the diaphragms for tandem boosters. Return springs maintain the booster in a rest position.

When brake system input force is applied, vacuum to the rear of the diaphragm(s) is cut off and air at atmospheric pressure is admitted in its place. This provides a decrease in brake pedal effort required.

When input force is removed, vacuum again replaces atmospheric pressure within the booster.

Vacuum Source

Supplies force used by vacuum brake booster to decrease brake pedal effort.

The primary source for vacuum is typically the vehicle's internal combustion engine. Some vehicles may use a vacuum pump to ensure and adequate supply of vacuum under various operating conditions, such as during cold start-up, heavy throttle and high altitude.

Vacuum Pump Relay

Vehicles equipped with a vacuum pump will typically be equipped with a relay used to provide voltage to the vacuum pump motor, when commanded by the powertrain controller.

Vacuum Monitoring System

Provides a feedback voltage signal relative to the amount of vacuum available for the vacuum power brake booster.

This typically consists of a vacuum sensor mounted either into the power vacuum brake booster, integrated with the vacuum check valve or in-line within the vacuum hose. The sensor feedback is typically monitored by the powertrain control module(s).

Vacuum Source Control

If equipped with a system to monitor available levels of vacuum for the brake assist system, the powertrain control module(s) typically perform the primary monitoring function.

The powertrain controller will typically monitor the feedback signal of a vacuum sensor, as it relates to available vacuum at the vacuum power brake booster. The powertrain controller uses the information to make sure available vacuum remains above predetermined levels. If additional vacuum is required, the powertrain controller may reactivate engine cylinders, if equipped or command a vacuum pump ON, if equipped, and/or may alter the operation of various other engine controls and devices, as necessary.

Vacuum Source Delivery System

Enables delivery and retention of source vacuum for vacuum brake booster.

This typically consists of a vacuum check valve and a vacuum hose or pipe. If a vacuum pump is used, additional check valves may be used.

System Operation

Brake system input force from the driver is multiplied by the brake pedal and transferred by the pedal pushrod to the hydraulic brake master cylinder. Effort required to apply the brake system is reduced by the operation of the vacuum brake booster.

When brake system force is applied, vacuum to the rear of the diaphragm(s) is cut off and air at atmospheric pressure is admitted in its place. The vacuum acts to pull the diaphragm(s) forward, while the atmospheric pressure acts to push from behind. As a result, the amount of effort required by the driver is reduced. When input force is removed, vacuum again replaces atmospheric pressure within the vacuum power brake booster to help return the booster to rest. Return springs maintain the system in a rest position.

If the vehicle is equipped with a vacuum monitoring system, the powertrain control module(s) typically will alter powertrain functions and/or command the vacuum pump ON, if equipped, to provide for the vacuum needs of the brake assist system, as operating conditions warrant.

BRAKE WARNING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

Brake Warning Indicator

Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram

Buick Enclave. Hydraulic Brakes
Fig. 67: Hydraulic Brakes Block Diagram

Buick Enclave. Hydraulic Brakes

Buick Enclave. Hydraulic Brakes

The instrument panel cluster (IPC) illuminates the Red Brake Warning indicator when one or more of the following occurs.

HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

System Component Description

The hydraulic brake system consists of the following:

Hydraulic Brake Master Cylinder Fluid Reservoir

Contains supply of brake fluid for the hydraulic brake system.

Hydraulic Brake Master Cylinder

Converts mechanical input force into hydraulic output pressure.

Hydraulic output pressure is distributed from the master cylinder through 2 hydraulic circuits, supplying diagonally opposed wheel apply circuits.

Hydraulic Brake Pressure Balance Control System

Regulates brake fluid pressure delivered to hydraulic brake wheel circuits, in order to control the distribution of braking force.

Pressure balance control is achieved through dynamic rear proportioning (DRP), which is a function of the ABS modulator. Refer to ABS Description and Operation for specific information on the operation of DRP.

Hydraulic Brake Pipes and Flexible Brake Hoses

Carries brake fluid to and from hydraulic brake system components.

Hydraulic Brake Wheel Apply Components

Converts hydraulic input pressure into mechanical output force.

System Operation

Mechanical force is converted into hydraulic pressure by the master cylinder, regulated to meet braking system demands by the pressure balance control system and delivered to the hydraulic brake wheel circuits by the pipes and flexible hoses. The wheel apply components then convert the hydraulic pressure back into mechanical force which presses linings against rotating brake system components.

SPECIAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

SPECIAL TOOLS

J 28662
Brake Pedal Effort Gauge

Buick Enclave. Hydraulic Brakes

J 29532
Diaphragm Pressure Bleeder

Buick Enclave. Hydraulic Brakes

J 44894-A
Brake Pressure Bleeder Adapter

Buick Enclave. Hydraulic Brakes

J 45405
Brake Pipe Flaring Kit

Buick Enclave. Hydraulic Brakes

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