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Buick Enclave: Diagnostic Information and Procedures

Buick Enclave 2008-2017 Service Manual / Transmission / Transmission Cooling / Diagnostic Information and Procedures

TRANSMISSION FLUID COOLER FLUSHING AND FLOW TEST

GM studies indicate that plugged or restricted transmission oil coolers and pipes cause insufficient transmission lubrication and elevated operating temperatures which can lead to premature transmission failure. Many repeat repair cases could have been prevented by following published procedures for transmission oil cooler flushing and flow checking. This procedure includes flow checking and flushing the auxiliary transmission oil cooler, if equipped.

NOTE: Use the DT 45096 transmission oil cooling system flush and flow test tool or equivalent to flush and flow test the transmission oil cooler and the oil cooler pipes after the transaxle is removed for repairs.

Only GM Goodwrench DEXRONVI automatic transmission fluid should be used when doing a repair on a GM transmission.

Time allowance for performing the cooler flow checking and flushing procedure has been included in the appropriate labor time guide operations since the 1987 model year. The service procedure steps for oil cooler flushing and flow testing are as follows:

Cooler Flow Check and Flushing Steps

  1. Machine Set-up
  2. Determine Minimum Flow Rate
  3. Back Flush
  4. Forward Flush
  5. Flow Test
  6. Code Recording Procedure
  7. Clean-up

Special Tools

For equivalent regional tools, refer to Special Tools.

Machine Set-up

1. Verify that the main power switch (1) is in the OFF position.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 1: View Of Main Power Switch & Main Function Switch

2. Place the main function switch (2) in the IDLE position.

3. Connect DT 45096 flush and flow test tool to the vehicle 12V DC power source by connecting the red battery clip to the positive, +, battery post on the vehicle and connect the negative lead to a known good chassis ground.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 2: Connecting To 12V DC Power Source

4. Turn the main power switch to the ON position.

5. Fill the supply tank with DexronVI through the fill port.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 3: Filling Supply Tank With Transmission Fluid

CAUTION: Do not overfill the supply vessel. Damage to the unit may result. To verify the fluid level, view the LCD screen display while filling the unit, to ensure the fluid level does not exceed 30 L (32 qt).

6. Reinstall and tighten the fill cap.

7. Connect a shop air supply hose to the quick-disconnect on the rear panel marked SUPPLY AIR.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 4: Applying Shop Air Supply Hose To Quick-Disconnect

Determine Minimum Flow Rate

1. From the machine display, identify the temperature of the automatic transmission fluid that is stored in the supply vessel of DT 45096 flush and flow test tool.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 5: Identifying Machine Display Of Automatic Transmission Fluid Temperature

2. Determine whether the transmission oil cooler is steel or aluminum by using a magnet (1) at the cooler flange (2) at the radiator.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 6: Identifying Transmission Oil Cooler Metal Composition

3. Refer to the table below. Using the temperature from step 1, locate on either the Steel MINIMUM Flow Rate table or the Aluminum MINIMUM Flow Rate table the minimum flow rate in gallons per minutes (GPM). Record the minimum flow rate in GPMs and the supply fluid temperature for further reference.

Example

The MINIMUM flow rate for this example would be 0.8 GPM.

4. Inspect transmission oil cooler lines for damage or kinks that could cause restricted oil flow. Repair as needed and refer to the appropriate GM service manual procedures.

Minimum Flow Rate in Gallons Per Minute (gpm)

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling

Back Flush Procedure

1. Connect the DT 45096-50 cooler flush adapter (1) to the vehicle transmission oil cooler supply and return lines at the transmission.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 7: Identifying Special Tool - J 45096-50

2. Connect the black supply hose (1) to the return line, top connector of the transmission and the clear waste hose (2) to the feed line, bottom connector of the transmission, to the vehicle cooler lines. This is the reverse flow - backflush direction.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 8: View Of Black Supply Hose And Clear Waste Hose

3. Turn the main function switch to the FLUSH position. Allow the machine to operate for 30 seconds.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 9: View Of Main Function Switch FLUSH Position

4. Turn the main function switch to the IDLE position and allow the supply vessel pressure to dissipate.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 10: View Of Main Function Switch IDLE Position

Forward Flush

1. Disconnect the supply and waste hoses from the vehicle cooler lines. Reverse the supply and waste hoses to provide a normal flow direction.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 11: Identifying Supply And Waste Hoses

2. Turn the main function switch to the FLUSH position and allow machine to operate for 30 seconds.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 12: View Of Main Function Switch FLUSH Position

Flow Test

1. Turn the main function switch to the FLOW position and allow the oil to flow for 15 seconds. Observe and note the flow rate; this is the TESTED flow rate.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 13: View Of Main Function Switch FLOW Position

NOTE: If the flow rate is less than 0.5 gpm, the LCD displays an error message.

Refer to the Troubleshooting section of the operation manual.

2. Compare the TESTED flow rate to the MINIMUM flow rate information previously recorded.

3. If the TESTED flow rate is less than the MINIMUM flow rate after the second test, perform Code Recording Procedure.

  1. Replace the transmission oil cooler.
  2. Reconnect supply and waste hoses to the cooler lines in the normal flow direction. Perform Flow Test.
  3. Perform Code Recording Procedure.

Code Recording Procedure

1. Turn the main function switch to the CODE position.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 14: View Of Main Function Switch CODE Position

2. Record TESTED flow rate, temperature, cycle and seven-character flow code information on repair order.

NOTE: If power is interrupted prior to the recording of the seven-character code, the code will be lost and the flow rate test will need to be repeated.

The flow test must run for a minimum of 8-10 seconds and be above 0.5 GPM for a code to be generated.

Clean-up

1. Turn the main function switch (2) to the IDLE position and allow the supply vessel pressure to dissipate.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 15: View Of Main Power Switch & Main Function Switch

2. Turn the main power switch (1) to the OFF position.

3. Disconnect the supply and waste hoses and the 12-volt power source from the vehicle.

NOTE: A small amount of water may drain from the bottom of the unit when the air supply is disconnected. This is a normal operation of the built-in water separator.

4. Disconnect the air supply hose from DT 45096 flush and flow test tool.

Buick Enclave. Transmission Cooling
Fig. 16: Applying Shop Air Supply Hose To Quick-Disconnect

5. Dispose of the waste ATF in accordance with all applicable federal, state and local requirements.

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